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Bone Marrow Transplantation Center

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We provide professional support in Bone Marrow Transplantation Center.


Bone Marrow Transplantation Center

Directed by Prof. Mutlu Arat, MD, more than 140 BMTs are being performed annually. Our center is one of 8 project partners with the Turkish Society of Hematology, and thus participates also in scientific area both nationally and internationally.

Over the years, thousands of patients diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplasia, multiple myeloma and other blood cancers or disorders have applied to the Group Florence Nightingale Hospitals BMT Center as one of the most experienced, and well-known transplant center in Europe, and Turkey.

Fundementals of BMT at the Group Florence Nightingale Hospitals

  • Accredited by Joint Accreditation Committee-ISCT & EBMT (JACIE),
  • High survival rate within the first year of BMT,
  • Long disease-free survival after BMT,
  • By the end of year 2019, 1106 BMTs have performed at our center.
  • Life-long follow up program for transplanted patients,
  • Center with dedicated team, high technology, and concrete scientific background,
  • Our center is not only a healthcare provider, but also a training center. We participate in academic events via online training meetings for national and international hematologists working at BMT centers

What is Bone Marrow? 

Bone marrow is a spongy material found in the hollow centres of some bones. It is important as it contains special cells known as stem cells.

Stem cells create other specialised cells that carry out important functions. Stem cells in bone marrow produce three important types of blood cells:

  • Red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body
  • White blood cells, which help fight infection
  • Platelets, which help stop bleeding

Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT)

Bone marrow transplantation (also known as stem cell transplantation) involves harvesting healthy stem cells to replenish the bone marrow of the patient. The new stem cells take over the production of the blood cells.

In some circumstances, it may be possible to take your own bone marrow from another part of your body (this is known as autologous transplantation). The bone marrow may be cleared of any diseased cells before being returned.

Stages of BMT Process

There are five stages in the transplant process:

  • A physical examination of your body and general state of health
  • Obtaining the stem cells that will be used in the transplant (known as harvesting)
  • Preparing your body for the transplant (known as conditioning)
  • Transplanting the stem cells
  • The recovery period, during which you will be monitored for any side effects and complications

Why BMT is Necessary?

Stem cell transplantations are often required to treat conditions that have damaged the bone marrow which, as a result, can no longer produce normal blood cells. Any disruption to the production of blood cells can be very serious, particularly if:

  • You do not have enough red blood cells. Your body will be starved of oxygen, you will feel faint and tired and damage to your organs may occur.
  • You do not have enough white blood cells. You have a much higher risk of developing a serious infection.
  • You do not have enough platelets, which means you will bruise and bleed more easily.

Some of the conditions that can affect blood and bone marrow are described below.


Leukaemia is cancer of the white blood cells. The cancer causes the white blood cells to replicate in an uncontrollable manner and they do not develop any infection-fighting properties.

The cancerous cells can quickly spread through the bloodstream, resulting in a lack of room for red blood cells and platelets.

This leads to symptoms of anaemia, increases the risk of serious infection, and means that you will bruise and bleed more easily.

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is another type of cancer of the hite blood cells. However, rather than spreading through the bloodstream, it spreads through the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a series of connected glands (nodes) that are spread throughout your body. It is an important part of your immune system, the body’s natural defence against infection.

Inherited (Genetic) Blood Disorders

There are a number of genetic blood disorders where alterations (mutations) in your genes mean that blood cells do not develop normally. These include sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia, both of which interfere with the production of red blood cells.

Who Should Have BMT?

Stem cell transplants are normally only recommended if:

  • The recipient (the patient who will have of transplantation) is in relatively good health, despite the associated condition (which is why stem cell transplants are often done when cancer is in remission)
  • Stem cells are available from a brother or sister with the same tissue type, which reduces the chances of the transplant being rejected or graft versus host disease
  • The associated condition is not responding to other forms of treatment or it is felt that there is a high risk of the condition returning without a transplant
  • It is felt that the benefits of a transplant outweigh the risks

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Medical tourism has come to prominence in Turkey recently, with a year-on-year increase in the number of foreign patients to choose medical packages that offer a combination of treatment, holiday and transportation. High treatment costs and long waiting lists in some foreign countries have impelled people to look for countries where they can receive high-quality treatment, as well as a visit for a vacation.

Main reasons for selecting Turkey for treatment include:

  • the capacity for high-quality services,
  • comparatively lower prices for the same service in the patient’s home country,
  • well-recognized physicians,
  • high-tech medical technology,
  • Turkey’s reputation as a tourist destination.

Group Florence Nightingale has been at the forefront of the healthcare industry in the region since 1989. Group Florence Nightingale has developed “Centers of Excellence” with expert treatment, surgery and diagnostic capabilities across the Group’s four hospitals and two medical centers, each center gaining recognition in its specialization not only in Turkey but throughout the region.

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