We provide professional support in Breast cancer.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women around
the world. This type of cancer is the second most common type of cancer in
the world after lung cancer. According to statistics, one in eight women
is diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their lives.
Cancer cells usually form in the lobules of the nipples or in the milk drainage ducts in the breast, where
milk is secreted. Breast cancer most commonly occurs in menopausal women,
but can also occur at any age. Although breast cancer is also seen in men,
it is very rare. It is seen in one man for every 100 women.
If signs of breast cancer are suspected, immediate action should be taken. This is because the rate of
successful treatment of breast cancer diagnosed at an early stage (early stage)
is over 90%. You may find a suspicious stiffness while examining your own
breast, your doctor may feel a stiffness in a clinical breast examination, or
an abnormal area in the breast tissue may appear on a scan test, such as a
mammogram or a chest MRI.
Breast Cancer risk factors can be grouped under two main headings: preventable risks and unchanging risks. Preventable
risks are listed as factors that can change people’s lives: such as reducing
smoking and alcohol consumption, creating a sedentary lifestyle, and eating
healthy. Unchanged risks can be listed as age, sex, dense breast tissue,
early menstruation, or a positive family story with late menopause.
As with all cancers, early diagnosis of breast cancer is very important. If diagnosed early, it can
often be treated without breastfeeding.
Breast cancer is classified as stage 1 (localized) to stage 4 (distant organ metastasis) according to a
popularly accepted system, called a structure that indicates whether the cancer
is localized or spread. A treatment plan is being developed with
examinations and tests to find out what stage the disease is at.
Tests performed by your doctor for a treatment program that will be applied in the direction of the
signs are performed to determine whether the tumor is limited to the area where
it started (local) or has spread to other areas of your body (metastasis).
Mammography: A method based on the examination of breast tissue by X-rays. The first
mammogram performed when the patient has no complaints is the main
mammography. Mammography can be done for screening or diagnostic
purposes. While screening mammography is performed on people who have no
complaints, mammography for diagnostic purposes has the potential to examine
the suspicious mass or area in more detail.
Ultrasonography: It works on the basis of the reflection of sound waves before
the tissues. Mammography is used to determine if a suspicious mass or area
found, or the mass in the patient’s hand, is liquid or solid. Fluid-filled
masses, ie cysts, do not pose a significant threat to cancer. In contrast,
“solid” masses are breast tumors. Discrimination, whether they
are good or bad, must be done through regular persecution or other advanced
Galactography: The filming of the milk ducts by injecting medication
through the breast. It is most commonly used in those who complain of
Fine needle biopsy: A sample taken at the cellular level with a standard
syringe needle and examined under a microscope.
Thick needle biopsy: This is an examination of a piece of tissue with a thick needle prepared for this
Stereotactic biopsy: The location of the mass is determined by a special device and a sample is taken
from that point.
Stereotaxic marking: The removal of a thin wire into the suspicious area seen with a special device.
Surgical biopsy: The operation is performed in a cell and the entire mass is removed and examined under a
Depending on the stage of the disease, the
characteristics of the patient and the general health, there may be one or more
treatment options: such as surgical radiation therapy, hormone therapy,
chemotherapy or targeted treatment.
Standard treatment methods: