We provide professional support in Dermatology.
Acne is an inflammatory condition of the hair follicle
known as the pilosebaceous unit, and its related sebaceous glands. It is
especially common during adolescence (in girls, from the ages of 11-16, in boys
from 14-18) but it can occur at any age.
Yeditepe University Hospital’s specialists explain:
The accumulation of certain microbes in the hair
follicles causes acne. These are the propionibacterium acnes, staphylococcus
epidermidis and pityrosporumovale bacteria.
Certain substances released by the bacteria can lead to
an inflammatory reaction.
How significant are genetic factors in the development of spots?
If either parent has suffered from acne, there is a more
than 50% chance that the child will have the condition.
Skin cleansers (pH-neutral soap), External treatments
(creams, lotions), benzoyl peroxide medications, antibiotics (clindamycin,
erythromycin, tetracycline), Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives), azelaic acid,
salicylic acid, sulfur, and resorcinol.
Antibiotics (tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin,
clindamycin), Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives), hormonal medications (birth
Comedone (blackhead) removal, chemical peeling (scar
removal by chemical peeling process), ‘dermabrasion’skin peeling method using
special equipment), derma-rollers, laser treatments, PRP (platelet rich plasma)
Skin cancer is one of the most commonly occurring forms
of cancer. Research indicates that skin cancer is becoming ever more frequent.
These are often the first stage of skin cancer and appear
as dry coarse marks. They are precursors to skin cancer and can turn into
cancer if left untreated. They generally appear on pale-skinned people after
the age of 40. This is because they develop as a result of prolonged exposure
to the sun over a period of years. In spite of this, AK can occur in young
people living in sunny regions or those who use a solarium. They most
frequently occur on the head, neck, hands and arm regions. The risk that they
may become cancerous means that they require treatment.
This is the most common type of skin cancer. It appears
as a pearly swelling or open wound. They can sometimes appear as pinkish
patches. They appear in regions most exposed to the sun such as the head, neck
and arms. In rarer cases they appear on the trunk and limbs. They do not
usually grow rapidly and rarely spread to other parts of the body. However they
do require immediate treatment. This type of cancer can penetrate and cause
damage to the surrounding tissue, nerves and bones and cause disfigurement.
SCC is the second most common type of skin cancer. It generally appears as hard
swellings in the form of large red colored patches, or else it heals and recurs
in the form of ulcers. More common in pale-skinned people, it does also affect
people with darker complexions. It can cause severe injury and disfigurement as
it metastasizes on the skin. Early detection can prevent it spreading to other
parts of the body.
This type of cancer looks more like a mole or a suddenly
appearing black spot on the skin. In either case the condition can be fatal.
8,500 people die of melanoma every year in the United States and so it has
become known as the most deadly form of cancer. It is also increasing in
frequency in Turkey and other countries in the region.
Popularly known as “hives”, urticaria is a skin
disease associated with itching and blisters. In the most severe cases the
blisters can spread to other organs (especially the lips, trachea and eyelids).
It is a common condition that affects 20-30% of the population. Urticaria can
cause skin lesions anywhere on the body that generally disappear within about
24 hours. Fresh blisters can form adjacent to the healed lesions. There are two
types of urticaria: the acute and chronic forms. In its acute form, the disease
clears up in less than six weeks. But in its chronic form it can last longer
than six weeks and have a negative impact on the patient’s quality of life.
There are various possible causes of urticaria, but the most common is allergic factors, especially to
medication (mainly antibiotics, pain killers and epilepsy medication) and food
(shellfish, fish, milk, nuts, peanuts, potatoes, beans, celery, parsley,
carrots, spices, rice, bananas, apples, and oranges). In addition, urticaria
can be triggered by food additives, respiratory allergens (such as plant and
tree pollen), insect stings (such as bee stings) and implants (such as false
teeth and dentures). Urticaria is more common in people who are prone to
allergies. This is because they are more sensitive than other people to the
substances listed above and show a greater reaction to them.
Urticaria may also be related to environmental changes or changes in body temperature. In susceptible
people it may develop after consuming something cold like ice cream. It can
also form as a result of sweating after physical exercise. It can be associated
with the use of vibrating devices. Along with exercise it may be related to the
consumption of nuts, shellfish or wheat.
Urticaria may not always be related to allergic factors. It can also be caused by points of infection in
the body (dental infections, or infections in the urinary tract),
radio-contrast medications used in radiology examinations, anesthetics used in
surgery, and stress.
The cause of urticaria in the great majority of cases that last longer than six weeks may never be
determined. The condition, which constantly itches, has a negative impact on
sufferers’ daily Lives. Urticaria patients need to be examined very carefully.
In the event that the patient is not properly assessed and the symptoms become
more severe, life threatening conditions may arise. Swelling of the lips and
trachea can restrict breathing and require emergency intervention.
For these reasons the condition requires a very thorough examination procedure, with detailed
information on the patient’s daily life, working life, habits and any other
diseases or conditions that may exist. Allergy and blood tests may be required
in order to establish the cause. The treatment of mild cases is easy. However,
the longer-term form of the disease can be challenging for both patient and