Neurological diseases are disorders and syndromes in the nervous system that can be seen for different reasons. Laboratory services organized with today’s medical technologies are of great importance in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. Thanks to laboratories, all major neurological diseases can be diagnosed. For those who wonder what diseases neurology deals with
Muscular diseases are one of the common neurological diseases. The most common muscle disease is known as Myasthenia Graves, one of the autoimmune diseases. On the other hand, the most common and genetically transmitted disease is known as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. All these diseases can cause muscle weakness, thinning and contraction, as they cause problems in the nerve and muscle conduction process. The disease, called Myasthenia Graves, occurs mostly in the eye area. It can cause drooping of the eyelids, cause weakness in the eye muscles, or cause problems such as double vision. On the other hand, the disease can also occur in the mouth area and cause problems in reflexes such as chewing and swallowing. In advanced stages, the disease may descend on the arms and legs. It may cause weaknesses in the muscular structure of these regions. On the other hand, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as vertigo, i.e. dizziness, paralysis or pain in the face area, nerve damage due to diabetes are also performed by the Department of Neurology.
In order to understand demyelinating diseases, it is first necessary to know what myelin is. Myelin is the insulating material that covers the nerve cells and must exist in order for the nervous system to maintain its functionality. If it is seen that this substance is reduced in a nerve cell, neurological diseases may occur depending on the functions of those nerve cells. These diseases are generally called demyelinating diseases. The most common demyelinating disease is MS. MS disease is generally seen with attacks. As a result of the attacks, the complaints in the patients may get worse or disappear. But these attacks can cause permanent damage.
Movement disorders are mostly seen in Parkinson’s disease. In addition, diseases such as dystonia, essential tremor, dyskinesias, restless leg syndrome can be considered as movement disorders. Problems such as shaking hands, involuntary movements, loss of facial expression, gait disturbances can be considered as symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Neurological detection and treatment of all movement disorders are carried out by Avicenna Hospital Neurology Department.
Dementia, or dementia, generally occurs with the complaint of forgetfulness. Forgetfulness seen in young people occurs mostly due to depression. Thanks to modern medical technologies, the life span of human beings has increased, and the statistics of dementia have increased with aging. Alzheimer’s disease underlies the dementia seen in the elderly. Complaints that start with forgetfulness continue with symptoms such as decrease in cognitive activities over time, thought problems, difficulties in performing daily tasks, forgetting to eat and not accepting. Apart from Alzheimer’s disease, dementia can also be seen. These may develop due to problems in the brain vessels.
Headache, which is one of the most common complaints in our country, is generally caused by migraine or stress. In order to diagnose the disease, the patient’s complaints are listened to and tests are performed accordingly. The neurologist who is interested in this issue may prefer to refer to imaging types such as MRI or CT.
Epilepsy disease, also known as epilepsy crisis or seizure in the community, is examined by the Neurology Department of Avicenna Hospital. Neurologists play a role in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy. Epilepsy occurs in the form of seizures. There are types of seizures such as unwanted movements in the arms and legs, loss of consciousness, foaming from the mouth area, and urinary incontinence.
Brain and Vascular Neurological Diseases
Brain and vascular diseases generally occur as cerebral hemorrhages or vascular occlusions. Stroke, also known as paralysis colloquially, occurs due to blockage of one of the brain vessels. The blocked vessel cannot supply an area of the brain sufficiently and a stroke occurs. Cell death occurs in the area where the clogged vein cannot be fed. Cell death may result in loss of speech, loss of strength, dizziness, vision problems or loss of consciousness. By requesting MRI and Computed Tomography, neurology doctors can see the area damaged by the occluded vessel and start the treatment. On the other hand, there are cerebral hemorrhages that can be seen due to blood pressure, apart from vascular occlusion. In addition, venous hemorrhages can be seen as a result of venous occlusion.
Avicenna Hospital Neurology Department also provides services in the field of pediatric neurology. All children from newborn babies to the age of 17 are included in the study area. In addition, it cooperates with other departments for all developmental processes in infancy, childhood and adolescence.