We provide professional support in Eye meat (ptergium).
It is the condition in which the conjunctival membrane
covering the white layer of the eye (sclera) thickens and becomes excessively
vascularized and progresses onto the outer lens of the eye (cornea). It is
usually seen on the inner (medial) side of the eye close to the nose. This
disease, known as “Bird’s Wing” among the people, initially causes
complaints such as bleeding and burning and stinging. If it continues to
progress, it jumps over the cormea and
pulls it, causing astigmatism and vision begins to blur. In the stages
that it progresses to the pupil, it closes the visual axis and permanent visual
If it is present in family members, the chance of it
being seen in other individuals also increases. The second responsible is
the sun’s rays. The rays coming into our eyes are collected in the area of
our eye close to
the nose due to the structure of the lid and cornea. As a result of
sunlight coming to this area, limbal stem cell death, which is caused by
ultraviolet, begins. When stem cells begin to deteriorate in the limbus,
which is located between the cornea and the eye membrane, which we call the
conjunctiva, the conjunctiva comes into play and sticks to the corneal tissue
by jumping over the dead cells. In addition, allergies and dry eyes
accelerate this process.
The treatment of pterygium is surgery. In pterygium
surgery, it is not enough to simply remove the pterygium. It is absolutely
necessary to close that area with a graft and perform a limbal stem cell
transplant. In autograft pterygium surgery, the conjunctival tissue that
has a spare under our upper or lower lid (whichever area is available) is taken
to the size of the pterygium and sutured to the pterygium area that is cleaned
with dissolvable sutures.
Autograft pterygium surgery is a good option for patients
who have had previous surgery but have recurred pterygium. Depending on the
condition of the eye, it may be necessary to use a drug to prevent pterygium
recurrence. The biggest side effect of the drug is the delay in recovery after
There may be a stinging sensation in the operated eye for 1 week and redness for 1 month.
Even if dissolving stitches are used, the stitches are removed in the 1st week to reduce sensitivity in that area.
Artificial tear drops can be used to support treatment for 6 months.
Wearing sunglasses can somewhat stop the pterygium from increasing. The patient is more comfortable with sunglasses.
After the surgery, distance and near eyeglasses may be changed. The glasses will be changed after 1 month at the earliest.
It is appropriate to be examined every 6 months, as the number of glasses in patients will change depending on astigmatism, regardless
of whether they have surgery or not.