We provide professional support in Cataract in infants and children.
Cataract; It is the loss of transparency of our
natural lens located behind the pupil. In this case, the quality of vision
deteriorates at first and can progress to blindness if not intervened in the
future. Although cataract is seen as a problem related to old age, it can
also be seen among newborn babies. Cataract is the first cause of
preventable blindness in childhood.
This problematic condition, known as congenital
cataract or congenital cataract, is the condition in which the lens in the eye
loses its transparent structure on one or both sides. If congenital
cataract prevents vision or is unilateral, it should be operated immediately
after detailed eye examination. Early diagnosis and treatment are
extremely important for congenital cataracts; Because the sense of sight
cannot develop, the later the operation is performed, the lower the success
rate. One of the most important problems caused by congenital cataracts is
lazy eye. At the point of lazy eye, a detailed examination should be made
in consultation with the ophthalmologist and surgery should be performed with
the decision of the eye doctor.
Does not look around and does not follow objects.
The pupil is white or there is a white light from time to time.
There is sensitivity to light.
Hazy vision is experienced.
Parents can detect congenital cataracts by following
their children. If one or more of the above symptoms appear or are
suspected, the child should be examined by a specialist ophthalmologist
immediately. Because early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important
for congenital cataracts.
Diseases of the mother during pregnancy.
Some drugs used by the mother during pregnancy.
Exposure to X-rays.
Congenital cataracts can have many causes. The
above reasons are the most common among them. Genetic causes are seen in
approximately 30% of congenital cataracts.
The only treatment for congenital cataract is surgery. This
surgical procedure is different from the cataract procedure in adults. Children
under the age of 2 are operated on without intraocular lens implantation. Intraocular
lens implantation is performed for babies under the age of 2 who have had
surgery on both eyes, over the age of 4 years. If the baby has been
operated on in one eye, the intraocular lens is implanted around the age of 2.5.