We provide professional support in Psychology.
In the early days of psychology there were two dominant
theoretical perspectives regarding how the brain worked, structuralism and
Structuralism was the name given to the approach
pioneered by Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), which focused on breaking
down mental processes intro the most basic components.
The term originated from Edward Kitchener, an American
psychologist who had been trained by Wundt. Wundt was important because he
separated psychology from philosophy by analyzing the workings of the mind in a
more structured way, with the emphasis being on objective measurement and
Structuralism relied on trained introspection, a research
method whereby subjects related what was going on in their minds while
performing a certain task.
However, introspection proved to be an unreliable method
because there was too much individual variation in the experiences and reports
of research subjects.
Despite the failure of introspection Wundt is an
important figure in the history of psychology as he opened the first laboratory
dedicated to psychology in 1879, and its opening is usually thought of as the
beginning of modern experimental psychology.