We provide professional support in In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) Department.
In-vitro fertilization was performed in 1973 for the
first time, but pregnancy did not develop with the embryo obtained. In July
1978, “Louise Brown”, the world’s first test-tube baby, was born in
UK. Thereafter, hormone drugs have been developed for use in ovulation
therapies. But the real progress was made with the invention of ICSI
(micro-injection) in 1996. Therefore, the rate of success in in-vitro
fertilization applications has increased, and a significant distance has been
covered in male infertility problems.
Ovulation problems are the most common cause of female
infertility. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the primary reason of ovulation
irregularity in women. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which is one of the
most common reasons of infertility alongside menstrual irregularity and which
is caused by ovarian cysts may also be accompanied by hirsutism and weight
gain. Apart from that, the excess of prolactin, a hormone which is secreted by
the pituitary gland in the brain and normally promotes lactation has also a
negative effect on ovulation. In such a case, prolactin secretion is reduced by
medication therapy and the woman may again ovulate regularly.
Similarly when the woman’s thyroid gland functions are insufficient, ovulation
can be restored by thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Excessive exercising or
dieting by the woman is another factor which may suppress ovulation and cause
In general, ovulation problems are attempted to be corrected by medication
Since sperm production is under the control of FSH and LH
hormones secreted from the pituitary gland in the brain, irregular secretion of
these hormones may lead to infertility.
Couples who apply to our IVF center to have a child, a treatment of the cause is first
recommended. If unexplained infertility exists, general treatments that aid
reproduction can be applied. These treatments are as follows:
examinations of the patient are performed on the 2nd or 3rd day of
menstruation. If the ultrasound shows that there are no obstacles to start treatment
in the uterine or ovaries, oral medications are given to the patient to induce
ovulation. In this period of time, ultrasound follow up is performed at certain