Squint and other pediatric eye problems
What is Squint?
Squint (Crossed eye) is a condition occurring due to incoordination of eye
muscles that move the eye. For each of your eyes there are 6 muscles that help
move the eye in different directions. These muscles make both eyes look in the
same direction besides their movement. Each eye may focus on different points because of multiple
muscle problems, which ends in their forming two dissimilar visions. This means
having double vision for adults; for children, on the other hand, the other
vision is not perceived by the human brain. Therefore, there are no double
visions for them but a lazy eye problem. Eyes directed in different directions
may cause the child’s feeling left-out therefore have psychological effects on
him/her since lazy eye might end in an aesthetically distorted image.
What are the symptoms of crossed eye?
The symptoms of isotropic should be taken seriously and parents had better
seek early treatment. Lazy eye problem can be prevented with early diagnosis
and appropriate treatment. The most significant symptom of cross eye is eyes
that are not properly aligned. In addition to this, blurry vision, inability in
determining the distance of objects, double vision in adults are other symptoms
of esotropia. Double vision in brain may cause headache due to the struggle of
seeing thing double.
Treatment for crossed eyes
Crossed eyes condition is not always due to the fact that eyes are not
aligned. Nose structure of new borns is not definite which makes the baby look
like with crossed eyes. This condition is called the false appearance of
crossed eyes. The patient should visit an eye doctor for a definite diagnosis
so that treatment process will begin.
The treatment for crossed eyes change according to how serious the
condition is. Some patients are prescribed glasses while others may need botox.
Botox injections help relax the muscles that are not working accordingly. Artophoria
is another method for said condition. In this method, complications formed in
eye vision are attempted to be treated. Surgery is the last option when other
solutions do not have the desired effects. Through surgery, muscles that cannot
contract or relax are corrected.
Pediatric eye problems
Conditions occurring in the first years of life may lead to more serious
problems if left untreated in their early stages. It is relatively easy for
these diseases to be cured in early ages. However, parents should be alert all
the time, looking for any symptoms related to these conditions as children are
not capable of describing exactly what is bothering them. Every child should be
taken to an eye doctor for regular eye exam even if she/he has no complaints
whatsoever. Most common pediatric problems are stated below:
Congenital cataract: Although it is commonly thought that cataracts happen only to older people, this
condition might be present at birth in a child.
Lazy eye: When patient’s one eye has better focus
than the other, child’s brain starts to ignore the blurry image and vision in
that eye will get worse, all of these will lead to misalignment of your kid’s
eyes. Prescription of eye glasses is one way of treatment for the lazy eye.
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP): It is a disease
that affects the eyes of premature or underweight babies. A disorder of the
developing retinal blood vessels/ Underdeveloped blood vessels of retina cause
this condition which can be taken under control after your eye doctor screens
the infant’s eyes for ROP
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