We provide professional support in Retinopathy of prematurity.
Retinopathy of prematurity is one of the health problems seen in the eyes of premature
babies. The veins in the eyes of babies continue to develop until the baby
is born. In preterm babies, on the other hand, development continues after
birth as it is not completed.
Oxygen given in high concentrations to keep premature
babies alive can cause the vessels in the eye to develop
abnormally. Retinopathy of prematurity disease may occur in the
retinas. If not treated early, it can cause blindness in both
eyes. It is very important for premature babies to have an eye doctor
Retinopathy of prematurity is most common in babies born weighing less
than 1 kg. Early diagnosis is very easy to treat. In delayed cases,
it can cause blindness in both eyes.
Eye examination should be done between 1-2 months after
birth. Success in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity, which has 5
stages from mild to severe, is related to the stage of the disease.
is sufficient in the first two stages, and laser and cryo treatment is required
from the third stage. The disease gives the best treatment result in the
third stage. In very advanced stages, successful results may not be
obtained in operations.
The first examination of premature babies in the risk
group should be done between the postconceptional 31-33 weeks and 4-6 weeks
after birth. The frequency of follow-up examinations is planned according
to the stage of ROP, and babies are followed until retinal vascularization
Before the examination, drops are definitely applied to
dilate the pupils. The examining doctor uses an ophthalmoscope for a wider
view. An anesthetic drop is placed in the eyes of the baby for a more
comfortable examination. During the examination, some special tools are
also supported to keep the eyelids open.